Minimally Invasive Surgery
Faster Recovery Times with Minimally Invasive Back Surgery
Next generation minimally invasive techniques leave the strong muscle fibers attached to the spine, allowing strength to be maintained. Just as placing a phone call has transformed from the dial phone on a desk to the smart phone in your hand, minimally invasive surgery has changed the way many spine problems are treated, allowing for earlier mobilization and less early postoperative pain.
In spinal surgery, the objective is to decrease pain and weakness with some combination of stabilizing the spine (artificial disc or fusion) or taking pressure off the nerve (decompression / discectomy). In order to get to the spine, the surgeon must navigate the skin, muscles, and ligaments in a way that these structures are minimally affected and continue to support the spine when the surgery is complete.
The traditional posterior (back sided) lumbar spine surgery approach has included detaching the strong supporting muscles from the spine in order to see the area necessary to stabilize the spine or decompress the nerve. Posterior MIS spine techniques have used a smaller incision but continue to detach the supporting muscle from the spine. The newest next generation MIS posterior techniques use the same smaller incision, but leave the supporting muscles attached and complete the same surgery by working between the muscle fibers.
As a patient looking for the best spine surgery technique, inquire about which technique your spine surgeon uses. Are the support muscles detached from the spine?